What Is Arbitration Agreement
`Any dispute, controversy or claim relating to the formation of a legal person [the name of a legal person as used in the Charter or any other founding document shall be indicated], its management or participation therein, including disputes between the participants [shareholders, partners, members – the term in question shall be chosen on the basis of the organisational and legal form of a legal person] and the legal form of a legal person. Person itself, disputes involving persons who are or have been members of the management and control bodies of the legal person, as well as disputes concerning the claims of the participants in connection with the relations of the legal person with third parties, will be settled by arbitration before the Court of International Commercial Arbitration of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation in accordance with its applicable rules and regulations. The question of arbitration opens a window to a bitter philosophical quarrel among American progressives. Some, led by Taft, saw legal arbitration as the best alternative to war. Taft was a constitutional lawyer who later became Chief Justice; he had a thorough understanding of legal issues.  Taft`s political base was the conservative business community, which largely supported peace movements before 1914. His mistake in this case, however, was the failure to mobilize this base. Businessmen believed that economic rivalries were causes of war and that extensive trade would lead to an interdependent world that would make war a very costly and unnecessary anachronism. U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan (1913-1915) worked vigorously to promote international arbitration treaties, but his efforts were thwarted by the outbreak of World War I.
Bryan negotiated 28 treaties that promised to settle disputes before war broke out between the signatory states and the United States. He made several attempts to negotiate a treaty with Germany, but ultimately never succeeded. The agreements, officially known as “Treaties for the Promotion of Peace”, establish arbitration procedures, not arbitration.  Arbitration treaties were negotiated after the war, but attracted far less attention than the negotiating mechanism created by the League of Nations[…]