Agreement With Etre Passe Compose
French uses two tools for its compound forms of time: to be and to have. being is usually associated with intransigent verbs and all reflexive constructions: But verbs to have need coherence in a very specific construction: past participation must correspond to the direct object when it precedes the verb. If the subject of the verb is also the subject of the plot, the past participation corresponds to the subject. Many people want to reject the direct object agreement – what do you think? Read the article and discuss on Facebook: 5) In case of semi-auxiliary obstructions, there is no correspondence with the direct object, because the object still belongs to the infinitiv, not the semi-auxiliary. However, the rules change when the verb is reflexive (always used with being). The rules of the past participation agreement vary. The basic principles are as follows: The ingredient used for the verb to be is to have. As with all other verbs using have as an auxiliary, the part of the past tense conforms to the direct object (only when it appears before the verb). [Who/what is washed?” –> “hands.” “The hands” is the direct object and is fixed according to the verb, no correspondence.] [Who/what is washed?” –> “They.” The subject is therefore the addressee of the complaint, there is a consensus.] Verbs whose auxiliary is to be must show the concordance of their previous participations in sex (male or female – add e) and number (singular or plural – addition s) with the subjectSubstantiv or pronouns, as shown in Table 2: Did you see Roman`s new motorcycle? There is a bought one here. [“Romain`s new motorcycle” is the direct object; in the first sentence, there is no agreement according to the verb; in the second sentence, the personal pronoun “the” is the direct object and replaces “Romain`s new motorcycle”; the past “purchased” stake is therefore compliant.] For the past participation agreement, French has only 3 cases: if there is a direct object that is the addressee of the action, then the rules of the arrangement are the same as to have: the past participation corresponds to the direct object when it is placed before the verb and does not correspond when it is placed after.
Most verbs construct the past compound with having, but being is used as an auxiliary in the following cases: The past participle does not correspond to the theme of the following verbs: to call each other, to talk to each other, to lie to each other, to please (to please/displease), to smile to smile, to laugh at each other, to hurt each other, to succeed each other, to be self-sufficient, to resemble each other, to blame each other, to blame each other against each other…