1994 Peace Agreement Plo


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On both sides, there were fears about the intentions of the other side. The Israelis suspected that the Palestinians had reached a tactical peace agreement and that they did not take seriously the desire to achieve peace and coexistence with Israel. They saw it as part of the PLO`s ten-point program, which calls for national authority “over every part of the liberated Palestinian territory” until the “liberation of all Palestinian territories” and understood it as an attempt to justify the signing of the agreements as a step towards achieving an end goal. The United States did not play a large role in the negotiations that led to the October 1994 Israeli-Jordanian peace treaty, although Clinton did support receiving King Hussein and Rabin in Washington and pushing Congress to cancel Jordan`s debt. Nor did the United States play a decisive role in the negotiations that led to the Cairo Agreement of May 1994, which abolished Israel`s withdrawal from most of Gaza and Jericho, or in the Taba Agreement (or “Oslo II”) of September 1995. The latter agreement divided the West Bank into separate territories, under Israeli control, Palestinian control and Israeli military responsibility, with Palestinian civil administration. Oslo II has formulated provisions on elections, civil/legal affairs and other Bilateral Israeli-Palestinian cooperation on various issues. Since the Oslo Accords did not transfer oversight responsibility to the United States, the Clinton administration largely limited itself to defusing crises and establishing the Palestinian Authority with economic and security assistance. At that evening`s banquet, Clinton spoke of the king`s extraordinary courage in seeking peace. He compared him to his grandfather, who had been murdered for his talks with Israel. Hussein had witnessed king Abdullah`s murder first-hand and had himself narrowly escaped death – in fact, the assassin`s bullet snatched a medal that his grandfather had insisted that day. Hussein was visibly moved.

The most difficult subjects were land and water. In the years following the 1967 war, Israel had entered the country of Jordan south of the Dead Sea and taken 380 square kilometers of land, about the size of the Gaza Strip, but largely deserted. . . .