Magna Carta Agreements
In a way, it`s a miracle that Magna Carta survives. As soon as he granted Runnymede the Charter, John wrote to the Pope and had it annulled. The civil war, to which the Charter was to end, therefore began. Over time, John died of dysentery. The nobles who ruled England on behalf of his young son Henry III renewed Charters 1216 and 1217 to show that they were ready to govern in good faith. The second edition was accompanied by the Forest Charter, which codified the law in the royal forests, softened penalties for poaching and reduced the area of the English landscape, which was designated as a royal forest land. In order to distinguish between the two agreements, the original Magna Carta charter was referred to. A major Council was convened in October and November to take stock of the post-war situation; Council would have drafted and published the Charter of 1217.  The Charter resembled that of 1216, although some additional clauses were added to protect the barons` rights to their feudal subjects, and restrictions on the Crown`s ability to tax were watered down.  There were a number of differences of opinion on the management of the royal forests, which included a special legal system that had led to a considerable source of royal income; both on the implementation of these courts and on the geographical boundaries of the royal forests.  A complementary charter, the Forest Charter, was created, which pardoned existing forest offences, introduced new controls on forest courts and introduced a review of forest boundaries.  To distinguish the two charters, the term magna carta libertatum, “the great charter of freedoms,” was used by the scribes to refer to the larger document, known over time simply as Magna Carta.
  Magna Carta is very old, but even when it was written, it was not particularly new. The kings have insisted on their right, in writing, at least since the sixth century B.C, as Nicholas Vincent pointed out in “Magna Carta: A Very Short Introduction” (Oxford). Vincent, a professor of medieval history at the University of East Anglia, is also the editor and lead contributor to a new collection of illustrated essays, “Magna Carta: The Foundation of Freedom, 1215-2015” (third millennium). The practice of kings, who swear the coronation, in which they are linked to the management of justice, began in 877, in France. Magna Carta borrows from many previous agreements; Most of his ideas, including many of his particular provisions, date back centuries, as David Carpenter, professor of medieval history at King`s College, London, explains in “Magna Carta” (Penguin Classics), an invaluable comment that responds to J.`s remarkable and relevant commentary but has not been distributed.